THE WORLD OF
GURUR BRAHMÁ, GURUR VIŠNÚ
GURUR DÉVÓ MAHÉŠVARA
GURUR SAKŠÁT PARABRAHMa
TASMAI ŠRÍ GURAVÉ NAMAH
In our land the teacher who imparts training is held in very high esteem. The teacher is respected like a father. As the above saying describes, the teacher is considered as the 'trimurtis'- Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva - all rolled into one.
Gurú is Brahma; Gurú is Vishnu; Gurú is Shiva; Gurú is Brahman, the Absolute Flesh; Reverenciado is Their Name.
The Festival of Gurú Poornima (the Full Moon of the Gurú ) is one of the most important celebrations of the Hindu Culture. It is the day in which one surrenders cultured special to the Acharya (Masterful; "those that practice what they preach"), that through their Infinite Compassion and the Supreme Grace has distributed the Knowledge of the Absolute one (Brahma Vidya) to all finder of if same, like way to obtain the union with God.
This day of Poornima (Full Moon) in the month of Ashadha (Julio-Agosto) is considered Sacred.
In order to include/understand the importance of this day truely favorable, is due first to understand the meaning of "Guru '" (Masterful Spiritual). The syllable "Gu" means: "the dark"; and "ru": "one that it dissipates, that destroys". Soon the Gurú word means: "One that dissipates or destroys the dark"..
Gurú (Masterful Spiritual) is That one that dissipates or destroys the dark of the ignorance blessing to its disciples (Bhakta) with the true knowledge, the Knowledge of God.
The Sagradas Hindu Scriptures agrees in the indispensable thing of Spiritual Gui'a, since the being (jiva) cannot obtain the elucidation by itself, without the guide of a Gurú.
Express God in the Scriptures that nobody can obtain it to HIM without surrendering first a a Gurú, declaring that IT does not give to his knowledge and love directly, but that does through a Gurú.
The human being is very difficult, still journeying the footpath of the spiritual way, to love the abstract thing. Therefore the Scriptures advise to venerate to which they take it until God; loving its physical presence as Divine manifestation of HIM in human form. Thus, when God assumes a human form, IT settles down itself like the Gurú. The Gurú is showed God, becoming in the Light, Inspiration and Example of its disciples. The Gurú and God are One, because the Omnipotente and Its Means of Manifestation cannot be different. The Gurú incarnates the aspects Nirguna (God without attributes) and Saguna (God with attributes) of the Supreme Being (guna: qualities of the nature). Two are the conditions that must fulfill a Guru ': 1° To be expert in all Scriptures. 2. To have obtained the union with God. The first condition only can be reunited by which it has fulfilled the second condition, since to which it has obtained the accomplishment in God grants the perfect knowledge automatically to him. This way the words of the Gurú distribute knowledge (Jñana) and dissipate the ignorance causing the gradual separation of the material world and the permanent union with God; by means of waking up of the conscience, the transformation and elevation same beyond the physicist of the spiritual finder; whose exclusive work is to include/understand its true identity with God.
The Bhagavadgita also sets the standards about that are a genuine Gurú, saying that he is That one that distributes true free knowledge of speculation and it never alleges that It is God. He knows that God is Supreme and the men are subordinated HIM He knows the Truth and lives in her, is free of greed, lujuria and rage. It is example of love, wisdom, peace, automatic control, austerity, mercy, tolerance and fort faith in God. He must come through one long and continuous succession of Acharya (Guru Parampara).
At the moment of initiation (Deeksha), the Gurú absorbs the sins last and karmas of its disciples and reveals the true spiritual knowledge to them. The disciple develops strong love by the Gurú that releases of the slavery of birth and death to it. There are eight types of Guru ':
1: Bodha Guru ': the Shastra teaches and encourages to the student to act in agreement with its orders.
2: Guru Prohibition ': it distributes the internal meaning of the Prohibition, establishes to the disciple in the spiritual truths and
it guides his mind towards God.
3: Nishidha Gurú:`imparte the knowledge of the rituals and duties and teaches how it is possible to be assured
well-being now and for always.
4: Kamya Guru ': it guides the student so that it carries out commendable acts that assure the happiness to him in both
5: Vachaka Gurú distributes the knowledge of yoga and prepares to the disciple for the spiritual life.
6: Suchaka Guru ': it teaches how the senses by means of different types from disciplines are controlled.
7: Karana Guru ': it reveals the unit of the Jivi (individual) with the Atma.
8: Vihita Guru ': it clarifies all the doubts, it purifies the mind and it shows how the autorrealización can be obtained.
Most important it is the Karana Gurú, that through many lessons and practices helps the individual to progress of the human conscience to the Divine Conscience. Single the Divinity can act so like a teacher. Only through the purification of the mind the Supreme Being can be made.
In India he considers himself to the Moon (Chandra) as Deity runs of the mind and to the Sun of the intellect.
In the Hindu Calendar four days of Full Moon exist that are more sacred than the others; the Full Moon
that one appears in the months of Vaisaka, Ashada, Sravana and Magha.
When the moon is full (poornima) is illuminated by the rays that receive from the sun; the mind is, that night, in a while propitious to obtain by means of the culture of the internal vision through the light of the Love, the Wisdom and Spiritual Illumination.
In this day of celebration the disciples make orations or plegarias of offering (Pooja) to the Gurú, praying with the following Plegaria : "Oh Gurú, You are Father, Mother, Brother, Friend, Knowledge and Prosperity. You are for me Everything and God of all the Gods ".
This day of gratefulness extends to all the Gurú, but in special to the Fundamental Gurú , first of the Acharya: Sri Vyasa Prohibition , Vyasa Maharishi (Great Rishi<Sabio >) to that they are offered special bids up (= pooja: puya)/(offerings). Sri Vyasa revealed that the principle of Brahma interpenetrates and maintains reunited to the multiplicity within the One Sri Vyasa was the highest authority than analyzed and classified the Prohibition (Sagradas Scriptures), for whose interpretation the Brahmasutra wrote, which were explained as well through the writing of the eighteen Puranas. At the end of all this, Sri Vyasa wrote the Harivamsha, the History of Mr. Krishna. The History of the Mahabharata had been written by him just a short time before, being the ocean of deep knowledge, to that also the flame the Fifth Prohibition. The Bhagavadgita, which is honest anywhere in the world as book of wisdom and jewel of rectitud (Dharma), comprises of the Mahabarata. This way It left a rich legacy of nonsingle sapiencia to his country but to the entire world.
It is known that Sri Vyasa, this considered Hindu wise person like the descended same Gentleman like man, was born a day of Full Moon, finished codifying the Sacred texts a day of Full Moon and also completed the writing of the Purana in day of Full Moon. It is in its honor and so that the humanity can offer the gratitude to him that is deserved, that restored during this day of Full Moon the day of the Gurú.
Its vast work was to codify the Prohibition (El Saber) in four parts (1131 Sakhas < reviewed text > ):
Also Sutras or Aforismos wrote the Brahma Sutra (555 that integrates the messages of the Upanishad (analysis of the Prohibition of philosophical character) which they relate to Jiva (the being), Universo and Brahman (God).